High cladding system
Cladding in architectural buildings is a composition that is applied as an additional layer that ensures thermal depressions, resistance to adverse weather conditions and improves the overall appearance of the structure. This cladding or additional layer attached to the exterior of the building is also used to prevent wind and rain from entering the building (Brookes, 2002). A cladding system usually consists of two components, a wall structure and a cladding layer, with the partition system having hollow walls that are suitable for all climates due to their ability to compress in line. Guardrails are often part of a system that separates the perimeter. A variation between these two systems (shrouded walls and external walls) is the possibility of integrating the external surfaces of the walls with surfaces that provide structural joints that resist the ingress of significant moisture. Trenches are widely used in elevated structures because they contain light-filled and subjective infill panel structures described as varnished materials.
This study will look at cladding systems, particularly in tall buildings, and the logistical procedures that might be preferred during installation. This analysis shows how the walls should be arranged when they are built and presents a profile of the wall system as well as the walls of the building that carry any cladding system that is installed. This is because there are many types of cladding systems, but most of them are linked by the organizational layout of the building.
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Reinforced concrete cladding
They are in the top list of tenders and guarantee outstanding surface values for high-rise buildings, with high-quality dynamic materials in all desired program options, reducing the thickness of the project. The long-term nature of these buildings is enhanced by the low environmental impact through a system of thin walls and illuminated ventilated facades used through extensive project collaboration (Papanicolaou, 2016). There is also a ventilated facade construction consisting of sharp exterior parts separated from the original building structure by ventilated cracks that do not allow the penetration of falling water droplets and concentrated air vapor to reduce the decay of adjacent interior layers of frequency. converter components. It is used in innovative installations such as cladding with building materials or renovation of existing buildings. It can be used as a suspended ceiling for energy-efficient facades (Halbe, & Griese, 2006). By changing the shape, surface and color of the reinforced concrete material, different architectural feelings can be evoked and used as auxiliary objects for these buildings.
It also includes two-dimensional textiles of alkali-resistant glass or carbon fiber for the creation of TRC facades. Fibers in textiles can be dehydrated and saturated by suitable incorporation, such as incorporation of styrene-butadiene. All of them ensure the composite effect of the lattice structure of the fibers and ensure the durability of the mechanical properties of the textile for the building through better structural requirements for the strength of the building. The brand of this concrete usually has a strength of 90 N/mm2Modul do 10 N/mm2, making it suitable for anterior components that are expected to withstand impacts during periodic inspections (Chandramouli et al., 2010). In this case, it is mainly a high-rise building, characterized by significant elements of a ventilated facade, the height of which varies from 4-7 m.2The thickness is 22-25 mm. These require production alignment of continuous AR glass rovings and fiber splices inserted into armor fibers in a self-extruding manner. Here, the fastening of the panels is performed in combination with the metal structure.
Design requirements for concrete facade elements create a path for targeted performance improvements taking into account design solutions. It is also considered a free-load element, as it is designed to withstand wind and earthquakes and most of the vertical load from the weight of the panel. The design takes into account the specified requirements for strength, distortion capability and capacity variation to meet the durability and constructability of the building. Panel bending dimensions can be estimated using knowledge of fabric reinforcement tension, with a maximum allowable deflection of L/250, L/200 for the cantilever and L/300 for the span (Schladitz et al., 2012). We note that for each of the considered TRCs there is a specific relationship between substance and material support, since there is no schematic standard for the application of TRCs, since it requires different experiences to support individual tasks. being tested..
A comprehensive approach to dressing
Since tall buildings are often available at expensive real estate prices, the budget to build them can be a small fraction of the total cost. This provides a number of ways to create the appeal of buildings with impressive facades. The combined approach makes two assumptions, that is, it is assumed that the contractor obtains drawing files for 2D drawings of each type of cladding panels (Zhiliang and Wenjian, 2002). Another prerequisite is that the supply point is connected to the construction point at the beginning of the shell type using a functional system. The materials and offering of the new system were clearly superior to conventional edge wall treatments as they provided a consistent quality structure of durable wall surfaces within a limited development period. Each type of cladding panel is usually located on a drawing that provides a direct relationshipCoveredg Plates and their approximate locations, since each cladding plate annotation is usually located in the corresponding plate structure on the drawing.
CAD software provides basic functions in specific programs developed for users to recognize and extract drawings used in construction. The program automatically determines the cladding panels for each design view based on the information provided by the program (Nasr and Kamrani, 2006). After identifying and extracting data about a particular garment, the panel data is merged with the graphical elements of its attributes to update the associated drawings during manipulation. Updating the material database is done according to the consistency of the number of shell plates, in order to update the deployment location with a prototype structure compacted with fortified armor plates.
As for our research, this method has been widely used in the operation of high-rise buildings covering buildings because of its outstanding efficiency in handling the numbers that cause the installation, increasing the efficiency of operation. It also informally classifies it to get graphic illustrations of building graphics, thereby reducing the likelihood of managers making mistakes when dealing with clothing (Lee, 2013). If it could be integrated and up and running in an instant, managers would have plenty of time to extract data from drawn charts and connect them using spreadsheet software. This provides conservative estimates through prototype systems, reducing building cladding time management.
Panel curtain system
The system has monolithic units formed from sheet metal or coated aluminum honeycomb panels instead of vertical and horizontal panels. Because the granular units are formed so that managers can systematically deal with them, it is easier to use the above method of clothing integration, and therefore it is also called the unit panel system in the form of groups, as shown in the figure below.
Typical panel installation methods for system installation start from the bottom up, top down, left to right, right to left, or a combination of all steps in the building. Using primarily a bottom-up process, the panels were brought into joint position with two vertical support posts and the panels slid down to engage the previously raised group below. From there, the top of the frame attaches to the regulator with two-piece fasteners. Then apply waterproof panel sealant and cover the rain grid on the top of the frame to prevent moisture from seeping into the walls. Curtain wall cladding is very suitable for use in buildings due to different installation procedures for horizontal and vertical. These procedures provide the flexibility to handle many contingencies during construction, saving time and money.
Our study provides an overview of fabric-reinforced concrete for the design of wall systems related to building occupant safety and building durability. This is because since the building is a tall building, the cladding must have sufficient strength to withstand the pressure and strong wind on the surface of the building. Textiles are among our resultsit is specificMore reliable to reduce consumption of raw materials while eliminating unsustainable material mining. Judging by the recent development of TRC cladding panels, which are used to replace concrete and textile layers in buildings, it is also possible to apply them to the surface facade of TRC panels and coat them with a hard coating, which improvesEnvironmental qualityAir in buildings.
On the other hand, an integrated approach to managing the performance of facades according to the procedures for construction sites and warehouses is of great importance for the production of high-rise building facades. The program provides clear information through a system of drawings and prototypes and sets up a construction site with a graphic representation of how the panels should be designedInputto the actual structure. This ensures that the construction management of the external wall panels can obtain data on the work efficiency and ensure that the work is completed on time. The complexity of managing this system stems from the large number of cladding panels and the fact that these panels come to the construction site manager in batches. This method defines the facade management strategy and is therefore considered the best management system for implementing a defined facade system for tall buildings.
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